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Because of different measures used to define workplace bullying, surveys and studies have varied widely on determining the frequency of this conduct.By any measure, however, workplace bullying is common. Common psychological effects include stress, depression, mood swings, loss of sleep (and resulting fatigue), and feelings of shame, embarrassment, guilt, and low self-esteem.First it will describe common bullying behaviors and their effects on individuals and organizations.

Accordingly, this article addresses the implications of workplace bullying for organizational leaders and suggests measures that can be undertaken to respond to it.It creeps up on you long before you – or anyone else – are able to appreciate what it is that is making you feel the ill effects.Yet despite the fact that the majority of the adult population spends more waking hours at work than anywhere else, the disturbing manifestations of adult bullying, in this particular context, are widely dismissed (Adams, 1992, p. Although the term “workplace bullying” did not reach the United States until the late 1990s, the occurrence of psychologically abusive behaviors at work and the harm created began to attract more attention from American practitioners and researchers during the early to mid 1990s.He used the term “mobbing” to describe the kinds of hostile behaviors that were being directed at workers (Leymann, 1996).His pioneering research forms a seminal body of work on psychological abuse in the workplace.

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